What are the symptoms and treatment of prostatitis in men

weak potency in men with prostatitis

Prostatitis is one of the most common diseases of the male genital organs. The symptoms and treatment of prostatitis in men cannot be determined and prescribed independently.

If a man has the first signs of prostatitis, consult a doctor immediately. Even a slight malaise, which indicates the development of a disease of the urogenital system, can cause serious complications.

The shape of the prostate resembles a chestnut. In men, the transverse length of the prostate is 4 cm, longitudinal - 3 cm, thickness - 2 cm. The organ consists of glandular tissue. It connects to the bladder in the upper part, the seminal canals start from the lower part.

Functions of the prostate

The prostate or prostate gland performs a very important function: it produces seminal fluid, which mixes with sperm to form semen. During an erection, the organ acts as a valve that prevents the flow of urine during intercourse.

Because of the immunoglobulins A and B and lysozyme (an antibacterial enzyme) in the prostate, the infection cannot penetrate the upper urinary tract.

The functional ability of the testicles depends on the prostate, therefore, with diseases of this organ, the male's sexual power weakens, sperm production is disrupted, which can lead to infertility.

Why do men develop prostatitis?

Prostatitis is a common disease among men. People living in cold areas with high humidity are more susceptible to it. Prostatitis develops as a result of hypothermia of the body, as the cold is a predisposing factor to the stagnation of fluid secretion, and this leads to the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.

Prostatitis develops after 30 years. With weak immunity, it can have a chronic course, without pronounced symptoms, so the man does not notice the signs of the disease and does not go to the doctor, but lives with this disease for many years. Make an appointment with a doctor only after a sharp deterioration in your health. This occurs at the age of 45-50, when a man is diagnosed with a prostate adenoma, and the treatment becomes more complicated.

hypothermia as a cause of prostatitis

The disease is a benign tumor of the prostate, which impairs a man's quality of life, gradually making intimacy impossible. Treatment of adenoma is only surgical. After its removal, the problem disappears, but in the postoperative period, the doctor's prescriptions must be strictly followed, in which case the rehabilitation process will be painless, and the person will return to full life. Care must be taken to avoid hypothermia and prostatitis symptoms will not return.

What are the symptoms of prostatitis

Prostatitis does not appear immediately, it develops gradually in the body. In men, the symptoms of the disease manifest themselves in pain in the lower abdomen, suprapubic area and perineum.

These feelings intensify after sexual intercourse. Urination becomes intermittent, painful, and you may experience incomplete emptying of the bladder. The pathological condition is especially manifested at night, there are false painful urges to go to the toilet. Pain also occurs during ejaculation. Sexual intercourse becomes painful.

Prostatitis has an acute and chronic course. In the acute stage, the symptoms of the disease worsen, and the patient's health deteriorates sharply. In men, the first signs of prostatitis in the acute phase of the course are as follows:

  • the temperature rises;
  • there is weakness and pain in the body;
  • chills occur.

They conduct examinations, perform laboratory tests, examine urine, sperm and blood. In the case of acute bacterial prostatitis, the indicators are clearly expressed. During the chronic course of a man's disease, increased irritability, anxiety, irritability, etc. An examination is required to correctly diagnose the disease.

consult your doctor about the symptoms of prostatitis

Bacterial prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate that drastically impairs the patient's quality of life and can have irreversible consequences in the male genital organs.

Prostatitis can be infectious or stagnant (non-infectious). Infectious prostatitis occurs when an infection enters the tissues of the prostate. Microbes, viruses, fungi and bacteria can invade the genitals. The disease can develop as a result of chronic tonsillitis, sinusitis or kidney disease.

Conditionally pathogenic microorganisms live in the human body, which can be activated when the immune system is weakened or during hypothermia. These are Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, enterococci, etc. Penetrating the prostate, they cause an acute inflammatory process.

Non-infectious or congestive prostatitis develops due to circulatory disorders in the pelvis. This can be caused by a sedentary lifestyle, pelvic injuries, hormonal disorders, prolonged sexual abstinence or an excessively active sex life. The prostate is adversely affected by smoking and alcohol.

How to treat prostatitis

In case of infectious prostatitis, antibiotic therapy is used. After identifying the type of pathogen, a suitable combination of antibiotics is prescribed, after which health improves in a short time.

Preparations are selected only after laboratory analysis and determination of the type of pathogen.

If the disease is of a bacterial nature, in which living microorganisms are present, the treatment will be ineffective without individually selected antibiotics.

In the case of prostatitis, it is very important to choose the right medicine. There are substances that cannot penetrate the prostate tissue, and treatment with them will be useless. And there are many antibiotics that have a weak effect. Only the doctor can choose the treatment tactics.

In the acute form of prostatitis, non-steroidal drugs are prescribed.

In the acute phase of the disease, a powerful dose of antibiotic may be necessary, when milder symptoms of the disease can be treated with a gentler treatment.

In the chronic phase of the disease, alpha-blockers are prescribed. The patient may prescribe diuretics.

In the presence of infectious flora, it can invade the bladder, causing acute cystitis. Your doctor may prescribe diuretics and a drinking regimen to actively empty your bladder.

In the case of prostatitis, the prostate gland swells, and the man is prescribed antiandrogens to relieve the swelling. These drugs temporarily reduce secretions and block blood flow. A cold enema may be prescribed. They help relieve swelling in prostatitis, inflammation and reduce blood flow. Many doctors are reluctant to treat colds with antibiotics because they find that in addition to slowing blood flow, the drugs do not reach the prostate tissue and there is no proper treatment.

If there is no clinical response to antibiotics after treatment, this may be a reason to suspect a prostatic abscess. In order to eliminate such a pathology, surgical intervention must be used, otherwise the consequences can be unpredictable.

Often, patients with prostatitis are prescribed prostate massage, which is performed through the anus. But in the acute phase of the disease, when there is inflammation, swelling of the gland and the progress of the infection, massage is categorically contraindicated, because bacteria can easily spread to the urine and blood, which can cause septicemia, which has serious consequences. until death.

Biopsy of severe prostatitis is not performed. The data obtained based on the analysis of blood, urine, smears and ultrasound are sufficient to establish the correct diagnosis and to select drugs to treat and alleviate the patient's condition.

If you have signs and symptoms of prostatitis, you should urgently contact a urologist or andrologist. He selects the right drugs for the patient in order to effectively treat the pathology. Under no circumstances should you self-medicate.